Immigration Detention – Part Two

The Many Costs of Detention
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is the federal government agency charged with the mission to protect manage domestic security. Its various missions include counterterrorism, border security, immigration, and response and recovery. Agencies that fall under DHS include FEMA, Customs and Border Patrol (CBP) and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). ICE is the agency that oversees immigration detention.
  • $5.93 Billion 2009 FY ICE Budget
  • $2.48 Billion 2009 FY ICE Budget for Detention and Removal
  • 440,000 Estimated Number of Immigrants that will have been detained in 2009
  • 400 Number of state and privately run facilities rented out by DHS for Immigration Detention (“facilities” generally refers to jails and prisons)
  • 33,400 Number of beds reserved by DHS for immigrants each day
  • 104 Number of immigrants who have died while in detention since 2003 (According to the DHS ICE)
  • $95.00 Average daily cost for the detention of a single immigrant
  • $3.17 Million Average daily cost to detain 33,400 immigrants ($1.64 Billion/year)
  • $12.00 Average daily cost for Electronic Monitoring Systems (ankle tethers) for a single immigrant
  • $400,800.00 Average daily cost DHS would incur if it used Electronic Monitoring Systems for 33,400 immigrants instead ($20.84 Million/year)
  • 93% Rate of immigrants tracked by Electronic Monitoring who appear for final hearings
  • $71.7 Million 2009 FY ICE Budget for Detention Bed Space (33,400 beds)
  • $7.2 Million 2009 FY ICE Budget for Alternatives to Detention
  • $514.19 Million 2009 FY DHS Budget for “Domestic Nuclear Detection” (reduce risk of radiological or nuclear attack in the U.S. and bolster defense readiness)
  • $388.38 Million 2009 FY DHS Combined Budget for “Chemical and Biological” and “Medical and Biodefense Programs” (reduce risk of biological attack in the U.S. and bolster defense readiness)
  • The 2009 FY ICE Detention and Removal budget is approximately 2.75 greater than the combined 2009 FY DHS counterterrorism budgets for “Domestic Nuclear Detection” and “Chemical and Biological” and “Medical and Biodefense Programs”


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